The Division of Seven

By Rabbi Dr. Hillel ben David (Greg Killian)

 


After studying the chart at the end of this paper, I began to notice a very interesting pattern that was being brought forth through the use of the menorah analogy. This pattern provides some very interesting insight into the meaning of seven and how the messianic role is portrayed in the Nazarean Codicil.

 

Sefardim read Tehillim (Psalm) 67 from the form of a menorah as in the following picture:

 

 

The menorah has three branches on each side of a central shaft. The central shaft unifies the two sets of three branches. It is literally a part of both sets of three branches.

 

Let’s keep in mind this picture of the menorah as we look closely at the two, three and half part, pictures that make up the seven. To illustrate this point, let me use the rainbow as an example: The rainbow consists of seven colors as every school child knows. The colors are:  Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, and Violet. These colors easily, and logically divide into two parts consisting of three and a half colors each:

 

Red

Orange

Yellow

Green

Blue

Indigo

Violet

 

These seven colors can then be divided into the red shaded colors and the blue shaded colors. These two sets of three are joined by the color Green which is half red shade and half blue shade (Green can be created by mixing a yellow and blue pigments.).

 

Thus we see that the seven colors of the rainbow consist of three and half parts of red shaded colors, and three and a half parts of blue shaded colors.

 

This connecting of two parts of three and half each, will help us to understand that we need to see these two parts every time we see the number seven.

 

The triennial cycle of Torah readings also illustrates this principle. There are two, three and a half year cycles. The first cycle starts in Nisan and finishes three and a half years later in Tishri. The second cycle starts in Tishri and ends three and a half years later in Nisan. These two cycles illustrate the bi-modality of the year where Nisan has many of the characteristics of Tishri, as we have previously explored in a study titled RAINS.

 

Before we look at this concept in it’s many forms, we need to understan how the seven are counted. To do this, I shall let my teacher share his comments on the tithe. In his remark, we will see how the seven are counted. This is a very important concept!

 


Why Was The Tithe Of The Third Year

So Important?

By Hakham Dr Yosef ben Haggai

 

Debarim (Deuteronomy) 26:11-12 And thou shalt rejoice in all the good which HaShem thy G-d hath given unto thee, and unto they house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that is in the midst of thee. When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithe of thine increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, to the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be satisfied."  .

 

Note first, in verse 11, that the stranger, the Ger Toshav who is also known as the B'ne No'ach, participated in the tithings and in the rejoicing in Jerusalem when the tithes were brought. In the third year all tithes were surrendered. Verse 12 says, "when thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithe of thine increase in the third year, which is the year of (final) tithe."

 

Why was the tithe of the Third Year so important? Why the Third Year? Does not everything in Judaism revolve around the number seven? Odd, is it not, that so much stress was laid of the Tithe of the Third Year? In normal counting you number 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. The middle of that counting would not be the third but the fourth. Why not the Tithe of the Fourth Year instead of the third year? It seems out of balance, tilted somewhat heavily toward the end one, two, three and then four, five, six, and seven. So what is the mystery of the Third Year?

 

·       Six days shalt thou work and on the seventh day shall be Shabbat, yes?

·       Seven Sabbaths are between Pesach (Passover) and Shabuot (Pentecost), true?

·       Counting from Tishri, the month of the High Holy Day to Passover are seven months, right?

·       Or counting from Nisan (Passover) to the High Holy Days in Tishri are also seven months.

·       Are there not seven years in the Sabbatical Year?

·       Are there not Seven Sabbatical Years in a Shabbaton or Jubilee on the fiftieth year?

·       Did not Daniel the Apocalyptic Prophet say Seventy Jubilees were determined on the fall and redemption of Jerusalem?

 

So what was so important about this Third Year Tithe? The Jubilee system of calculation of time is the answer to why the tithe of the third year is so important! The days Four, Five, Six ascend to the Seventh Day or Shabbat, then descend to the First, Second and to the Third Day of the week (Tuesday). We see this clearly in the Talmud as well:

 

Gittin 77a  Our Rabbis taught: [If he says, ‘This is your Get if I do not return] till after the septennate,’ we wait an extra year; ‘till after a year’, we wait a month; ‘till after a month’, we wait a week. If he Says, ‘till after the Sabbath’, what [do we do]? — When R. Zera was once sitting before R. Assi, or, as others report, when R. Assi was sitting before R. Johanan, he said: The first day of the week and the second and third are called ‘after the Sabbath’; the fourth and fifth days and the eve of Sabbath are called ‘before the Sabbath.’

 

So did the counting of the Sabbatical Year! Therefore, the Third Year was the final year of the ascent from the Fourth Year to the apex of the Seventh Sabbatical Year, or Year of Release. Then, the descent from the Sabbatical Year through the First, Second and final Third Year ended the Tithe Cycle. The cycle could not end on the Seventh Year because it was not a tithed year as there was no planting. Therefore, all tithes had to be closed out before the new cycle could begin. Also, the Third Year, like the Third Day has a double blessing if they obey the commandment to empty-out all the tithes in their house according to Deut. 26:11-12 and Malachi 3:6-16.

 

Now that we understand how the seven are counted: 3, 2, 1, 7, 6, 5, 4. Now lets continue this example to understand the maaser, the tithe.

 

On the eve of Pesach of the fourth and seventh years, one would have to rid himself of all tithes and priestly gifts (Maaser Sheni 5:6). See Deuteronomy, 14:28. Then, on the seventh day of Passover in the afternoon, one would make the declaration below (Maaser Sheni 5:10). Pesach occurs six months into the year which always begins in Tishri. Pesach of the fourth year would be three and a half years into the seven year Shmita cycle.

 

Thus the declaration was made at the end of three and half years and again at the end of seven years.

 

Triennial cycle

 

The Sedarim of the triennial cycle are marked with a ornamental oversized letter, a samek in the Masorah:

 

These ornamental sameks are printed is some versions of the Tanach. I found them in the Biblia Hebraica Leningradensia and The Jerusalem Bible by Koren Publishers. These sameks indicate that the Torah was read in three and a half years. There were more than three times the number of sederim in the annual readings.

 

The communities of Israel, during Temple times and for several hundred years after it’s destruction, celebrate Simchat Torah only once every three and a half years. These communities completed two Torah cycles in a shmita cycle of seven years[1].

 

In the Talmud[2] we find a brief mention that the Jews of Eretz Israel (the land of Israel) would take three years to complete the cycle of public Torah readings, as opposed to the custom in Babylonia to complete the Torah in one year. According to some commentaries the cycle followed in Eretz Israel was actually to complete the Torah twice in each Shmita cycle (Sabbatical cycle - a period of seven years) and therefore the cycle actually took three and a half years.[3]

 

The Shmita cycle and the Triennial Torah cycle go hand-in-hand with the ministry of the Master of Nazareth. The Master of Nazareth, as Mashiach ben Yosef, was fulfilling the role of the Tishri cycle. The Tishri cycle begins in Tishri and ends in Nisan. The Master began His ministry on His thirtieth birthday in Tishri, and He died in Nisan at Pesach. Thus He completed three and half years of His seven year (Shmita) cycle. He will complete the Nisan cycle as Mashiach ben David. Mashiach ben Yosef began and completed His ministry between the third and fourth milleniums, the three and half point.

 

Most folks believe that Mashiach ben Yosef’s (Yeshua’s) ministry lasted three and a half years. This suggest that the ministry of Mashiach ben David will also be three and a half years.

 

Musical Scale

 

C major scale in terms of semitones

3rd

2nd

1st

7th

6th

5th

4th

E

4

D

2

C

0

B

11

A

9

G

7

F

5

Interval from C in semitones.

 

We again see that the interval increases by 2 for each semitone except between the 3rd and the 4th semitone. This three and a half to three and a half matches the pattern that we have come to expect in a series of seven.

 

The Menorah Oil

 

The seven lights of the menorah requires three and a half lugim. Each lamp requires a half a lug. When we multiply the seven lamps of the menorah by one-half lug the total is three and a half lugim.

 

The Septuagint

 

In the Year 3500A.M., of 7000A.M., the Torah was translated into Greek by seventy-two scholars who produced a translation known as the Septuagint. What makes this so interesting is that our Sages have indicated that the only languages that a kosher Torah scroll can be written in, are Hebrew and Greek.

 

In about the year 3700A.M., of the 7000A.M. years of time, Mashiach ben Yosef became flesh.

 

Mezzuzot and Tefilin

 

All mezuzot[4] must be checked periodically to verify their kashrut. Everyone who lives in a dwelling (whether he owns it or rents it) is required to check his mezuzot twice in seven years, or once every three-and-a-half years[5], since it is an established fact that over a period of time mezuzot are liable to become invalid.

 

All Tefillin must be checked periodically to verify their kashrut. We check twice every seven years, i.e., once every three and a half years.

 

Sinchat Torah

 

On the eve of Shemini Atzeret and the eve of Simchat Torah, seven circuits (Hakafot) are made with the Torah scrolls around the bimah. At the daytime Hakafot on Simchat Torah three and a half circuits are made,[6] though the text for the Hakafot is read in its entirety.

 

According to a late gaonic statement, the western community in Babylonia celebrated the end of the Torah cycle every year on Simchat Torah, Rejoicing of the Torah, while the easterners in the land of Israel completed it every three-and-a-half years. According to Mishna Ta'anit 4:3 the first portion of Bereshit (Genesis) was Bereshit 1:1 - 2:3.

 

What makes these three and a half and seven Hakafot circuits so interesting, when using a triennial cycle, is that they take place twice in seven years, once after three and half years and once after seven years. The first takes Simchat Torah place in Tishri and the second takes place in Nisan.

 

Yeshua, The Master of Nazareth, is the ultimate Simchat Torah, because He is the word made flesh. Thus we see that His three and a half year ministry perfectly mirrors Simchat Torah.

 

Hakhel

 

The synagogual atmosphere (ruach) on Simchat Torah is truly an amazing experience. Everybody - and I mean everybody - got an aliya. How is this possible? By reading the first two-thirds of the Deuteronomic parsha of v’zose haBracha over-’n-over again, in multiple minyans if necessary, until every Jew is called up. Cementing its ties to children, Simchat Torah is the only time that a special aliya, under the concept of kol haniaarim, “all the children,” is given to, yep...all the children. Some Torah commentators trace this custom to Devarim (Deuteronomy) 31:10-13, where the Jews were instructed to “gather the little ones” (known as hakhel, which means “assembly”) together with the Rabbis, Priests, and King and read the Torah during the Succoth of the seventh year.

 

Tzitzith

 

According to the Rambam, of the four strings placed on a corner of a talit as tzitzith, only one half of one string is to be blue and the remaining three and a half strings are to be white. This results in one blue and seven white strings when the strings are folded through the corner hole.

 

The Abomination of Desolation

 

Daniel 9:23-27 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision. 24  Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 25  Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. 26  And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. 27  And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

 

The week is clearly a shmita cycle if it is not an ordinary week. Either way, this week conforms to the three and a half and seven periods that we have been discussing. Additionally, we can see that the week is interrupted in the middle, at the three and a half point.

 

Uncleaness associated with the dead

 

Bamidbar (Numbers) 19:12  He shall purify himself with it on the third day, and on the seventh day he shall be clean: but if he purify not himself the third day, then the seventh day he shall not be clean.

 

The Pattern of Seven

 

Maaser

Since our Sages teach us that all sevens are related, it follows that there is a pattern to the sevens such that we can begin to learn how the first three and a half are related to the second three and a half.

 

Lets start by examining the maaser, the tithe, which was taken in six of the seven years:

 

Maaser

Ani

First Tithe

Maaser

Sheni

Second Tithe

Maaser

Sheni

Second Tithe

No

Maaser

Maaser

Ani

First Tithe

Maaser

Sheni

Second Tithe

Maaser

Sheni

Second Tithe

 

As we look for the pattern, we notice that the only time we transition from Ani (first) to Sheni (second) is between the third and fourth years. We also note a clear pattern of:  Ani-Sheni-Sheni on both sides of the seven, on either side of the seventh year where no maaser is taken.

 

So, one of the patterns is that we transition from the first (Ani) to the second (Sheni).

 

The Creation

In the creation we see the pattern in a slightly different way. We see that the first three have a direct relationshil with the last three. For example: The light was created on the first day, but the planetary bodies which give light were not created till the fourth day. The waters were separated on the second day, but the critters who “swim” in the waters above (birds) and the critters that swim in the waters below (fish) were not created till the fifth day. Finally, we see that God created the land and plants on the third day, but the critters that walk on the land and eat the plants, were not created until the sixth day.

 

A 3rd

Day

 

God

created

dry

land

 

God

created

plants.

A 2nd

Day

 

God

separated

waters

above

from

Waters

 below.

One

Day

 

God

created

the

heavens

and earth

and

separated

light

from

darkness.

The

7th

Day

 

 

God

Rested.

The

6th

Day

 

God

created

beasts.

 

God

created

men.

A 5th

Day

 

God

created

birds

and

fishes.

A 4th

Day

 

God

created

the

sun,

moon,

and

stars.

 

Thus we see a one-to-four relationship with the transition between the creation of the environment with their associated example occurring between the third and the fourth days.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

HaShem’s providence

This was brought on by HaShem

 

A universal G-d

 

 

Maximal Male Process

Maximal Female Process

 

 

 

Third day of the Shabbat

Second day of the Shabbat

First day of the Shabbat

Shabbat

The 7th day

Erev Shabbat

Fifth day of the Shabbat

fourth day of the Shabbat

A Third Day

God created dry land

 

Hashem created plants.

A Second Day

God separated waters above from waters below.

One Day

God created the heavens and earth and separated light from darkness.

The Seventh Day

 

 

God Rested.

The Sixth Day

God created animals.

 

God created men.

A Fifth Day

God created birds and fishes.

A Fourth Day

God created the sun, moon, and stars.

Joshua sang and the sun stopped:

Joshua 10:12

Deborah and Barak sang:

 

Judges  5:1

Hannah, with son, sang:

 

1 Samuel 2:1

Adam composed the Sabbath song:

Psalm 92

Moshe composed the sea song:

Exodus 15:1

Israel sang the well song:

Numbers 21:17

Moshe, before he died, sang:

Devarim 32:1

The light of the Garden of Eden

The light of Gehenna

The light of the Torah

The light of the Messiah

The light of repentance

The light of the Temple

The light of the Throne of Glory

Year 3

The tithe of the THIRD YEAR went entirely to charity for the poor, Levite, stranger, widows,  fatherless, sojourners through the land of Israel.

ani

Year 2

The tithe of the SECOND YEAR went entirely to the priests.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheni

Year 1

The tithe of the FIRST YEAR went to the Levites, who made distribution to themselves, the priest’s portion and the poor.

 

 

sheni

Year 7

Sabbatical

The tithe was not collected from agricultural products on the SEVENTH YEAR because the land was to lay fallow

Year 6

The tithe of the SIXTH YEAR was set aside by the tither for his own pilgrimages to Jerusalem.

 

 

 

 

ani

Year 5

The tithe of the FIFTH YEAR went to the Levites, who made distribution to themselves, the priest’s portion and the poor.

 

 

sheni

Year 4

The tithe of the  FOURTH YEAR went to the Levites, who made distribution to themselves, the priest’s portion and the poor.

sheni

Third shepherd

Jacob

Patriarch of the nation

Second shepherd

Isaac

Patriarch of the nation

First shepherd

 

Abraham

Patriarch of the nation

Seventh shepherd

David

Patriarch of the kings

Sixth

shepherd

Joseph

Patriarch of the 2 of 12 tribes

Fifth

shepherd

Aaron

Patriarch of the Kohanim

Fourth shepherd

Moses

Patriarch of the Leviim

Third

shepherd

Moses

Second

shepherd

Jacob

First

shepherd

Abraham

Seventh

shepherd

David

Sixth

shepherd

Adam

Fifth

shepherd

Seth

Fourth

shepherd

Mesushelach

Deborah

Prophetess

Miriam

Prophetess

Sarah

Prophetess

Esther

Prophetess

Chuldah

Prophetess

Avigail

Prophetess

Hannah

Prophetess

Lighting Sabbath and Festival candles

Rabbinic command

Washing hands before a meal

 

Rabbinic command

Saying a blessing before any pleasure.

Rabbinic command

Establishing Sabbath travel boundaries

 

Rabbinic command

Reading the Megillah on Purim

 

Rabbinic command

Lighting Chanukah candles

 

Rabbinic command

Saying the Hallel psalms of praise

 

Rabbinic command

The brass laver

The Mishkan’s veil.

The Mishkan’s covering.

The world is finished and so is the Mishkan.

Aaron.

The cherubim.

The Menorah.

Grapes

Barley

Wheat

Dates

Olives

Pomegranates

Figs

Hadas - Myrtle

Arava - Willow

Arava - Willow

Lulav - Palm

Etrog - Citron

Hadas - Myrtle

Hadas - Myrtle

Refrain from adultery

 

 

Noachide

Refrain from idolatry

 

 

Noachide

Refrain from blasphemy

 

 

Noachide

Establishing courts for justice

 

Noachide

Refrain from eating flesh cut from a living animal

Noachide

Refrain from robbery

 

 

Noachide

Refrain from bloodshed

 

 

Noachide

Yellow

(tzahov)

Orange

Red

(adom)

Violet

(argaman)

Indigo

Blue

(tchelet)

Green

(yerakon)

E – mi

4

D- re

2

C – do

0

B – ti

11

A – la

9

G – so

7

F – fa

5

Seed

Wealth

Wisdom

Grace

Peace

Dominance

Life

Tiferet

(Beauty)

Gevurah

(Strength)

Hesed

(Kindness)

Malkut

(Kingship)

Yesod

(Foundation)

Hod

(Glory)

Netzach

(Victory)

Darshan / Magid

 

Tiferet

Sheliach Bet Din / Sheliach Tsibur

Gevurah

Ba’al Masorah / Masoret

Chessed

Moreh / Meturgeman

 

Malchut

Parnas / Shamash

 

Yesod

Parnas / Shamash

 

Hod

Parnas / Shamash

 

Netzach

Succoth

Yom HaKippurim

Yom Teruah

Shavuot

Pesach

Purim

Chanukah

Yom Teruah

Shavuot

Pesach

Purim

Chanukah

Succoth

Yom HaKippurim

Shavuot

 

Festival Shabbat

Pesach

seventh day

Festival Shabbat

Pesach

first day

Festival Shabbat

Shemini Atzeret

Festival Shabbat

Succoth

first day

Festival Shabbat

Yom HaKippurm

Festival Shabbat

Yom Teruah

 

Festival Shabbat

East

North

South

Center

West

Down

Up

Angel

Raphael

Angel

Samael

Angel

Gabriel

Angel

Tzidkiel

Angel

Kaptziel

Angel

Michael

Angel

Anathiel

Sun

Chamah

Mars

Madim

Moon

Lavanah

Saturn

Shabbtai

Jupiter

Zedek

Mercury

Kokah

Venus

Nogah

ד

Doubles

ג

Doubles

ב

Doubles

ת

Doubles

ר

Doubles

פ

Doubles

כ

Doubles

Right Nostril

Right Ear

Right Eye

Mouth

Left Nostril

Left Ear

Left Eye

Depth

 

 

Width

 

Height

 

The Center connecting the other six

Left and right (limits depth)

Front and back

(limits width)

Top and bottom (limits height)

Third Heaven

 

Shehakim

Shechakim, in which are the millstones to grind manna for the righteous (Ps. lxxviii. 23; comp. Midr. Teh. to Ps. xix. 7)

Second heaven

Rakia

The place where the sun, moon, and stars are fixed (Gen.1:17)

First heaven

 

Vilon

"curtain" which is rolled up and down to enable the sun to go in and out; according to Isa. xl. 22, 'He stretched out the heavens as a curtain'

Seventh heaven

Arav

Where justice and righteousness, the treasures of life and of blessing, the souls of the righteous and the dew of resurrection are to be found. There are the ofanim, the seraphim, and the Chayyot of holiness, the ministering angels and the throne of glory; and over them is enthroned the great King

Sixth heaven

 

Makon

In which are the treasuries of snow and hail, the chambers of dew, rain, and mist behind doors of fire [1 Kings, vii. 30; Deut. xxviii. 12]

Fifth heaven

 

Ma'on

In which dwell the classes of ministering angels who sing by night and are silent by day, for the honor of Israel who serve the Lord in daytime [Deut. xxvi. 15, Ps. xlii. 9]

Fourth heaven

 

Zevul

The upper Jerusalem, with its Temple, in which Michael offers the sacrifice at the altar [Isa. lxiii. 15; I Kings, viii. 13

Arka

Europe

Adamah

South America

Eretz

North America

Chalad

Antartica

Tevel

Australia

Yabashah

Asia

Charba

Africa

North Pacific

South Atlantic

North Atlantic

Antartic Ocean

Arctic Ocean

Indian Ocean

South Pacific

Kirmyon

river

Yarmoch

river

Jordan

river

Chidekel

river

Gichon

river

Pishon

river

Poga

river

Sin

wilderness

Shur

wilderness

Eitan

wilderness

Kadmut

wilderness

Tzin

wilderness

Paran

wilderness

Sinai

wilderness

Combination

Matter

Form

Man

Animal

Vegetable

Mineral

Third Church

 

Pergamos

Second Church

Smyrna

First Church

 

Ephesus

Seventh Church

Laodiceans

Sixth Church

 

Philadelphia

Fifth Church

 

Sardis

Fourth Church

Thyatira

Third Trumpet

Star fall out of heaven

Second Trumpet

Sea becomes blood

First Trumpet

Hail and fire

Seventh Trumpet

Elders fall and worship God

Sixth Trumpet

Death of the third part of man

Fifth Trumpet

Locusts with scorpion stings

Fourth Trumpet

Darkening the day

You shall not steal.

You shall not bear false witness.

You shall not covet.

Remember the Day of Shabbat to sanctify it.

Honor your father and your mother.

You shall not murder.

You shall not commit adultery.

G-d said, See I give you every seed bearing plant

And G-d said, Let us make man in our image

G-d said, It is not good for man to be alone, I will make a fitting helper for him

 “And G-d said, let the earth sprout vegetation”

G-d said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky

G-d said, Let the waters bring forth swarms

G-d said, Let the earth bring forth every kind of living creature

Plague

Boils

Hail/Fire

Blood

Frogs

Lice

Beasts

Rephaites

Perizzites

Hittites

Jebusites

Girgashites

Canaanites

Amorites

Malachim

Seraphim

Chashmalim

Ishim

Keruvim

Benei Elohim

Elohim

A fly was never seen in the slaughterhouse of the Temple.

 

Temple miracle

The animal offerings never spoiled.

 

 

 

 

Temple miracle

No woman ever miscarried from the aroma of the animal offerings.

Temple miracle

No defect was ever found in the Omer or the Showbreads.

 

 

Temple miracle

Despite the wind, the column of smoke from the altar always rose

straight up.

Temple miracle

Rain did not extinguish the fire on the altar's wood-pile.

 

 

Temple miracle

No unclean accident ever happened to the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kippur.

 

Temple miracle

The precept of Torah study.

 

 

 

+419

Mezuzah

The precept of love for the Eternal Lord.

 

 

+418

Mezuzah

The precept of the oneness of the Eternal Lord.

 

+417

Mezuzah

The precept of the mezuzah on the doorpost.

 

 

+423

Mezuzah

The precept of the Tefillin of the head.

 

 

+422

Mezuzah

The precept of the Tefillin of the hand.

 

 

+421

Mezuzah

The mitzva of reciting the Shema every morning and evening.

+420

Mezuzah

Succoth

 

Korban

Musaf

Shavuot

 

Korban

Musaf

Pesach

 

Korban

Musaf

Shabbat

 

Korban

Musaf

Rosh Chodesh

Korban

Musaf

Yom HaKippurm

Korban

Musaf

Yom Teruah

 

Korban

Musaf

Elisha

Micah

Anon

David

Shmemaya

Ido

Elijah

Aaron’s rod that called forth the 10 plagues

The rainbow

The ram substituted for Isaac

Miriam’s well

The manna

The stylus G-d used to engrave the 10 commandments

The tablets of the 10 commandments

Darkness

Light

Emptiness

The length of the night

The length of the day

Water

Wind

The Chil (a walled area within the Har HaBayit)

The Ezrat Nashim

The Ezrat Kohanim

Eretz Yisrael

Walled towns

Within the walls of Yerushalayim

Har HaBayit

Jeremiah 12:5

If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses?

I Samuel 23:3

And David’s men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?

Devarim 31:27

For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death?

Esther 9:12

And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king’s provinces?

Proverbs 11:31

Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.

Ezekiel 15:5

Behold, when it was whole, it was meet for no work: how much less shall it be meet yet for any work, when the fire hath devoured it, and it is burned?

Jeremiah 12:5

and if in the land of peace, wherein thou trustedst, they wearied thee, then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?

praise him with the harp and lyre

Praise him with the sounding of the shofar

praise him for his surpassing greatness

 

Let everything that has breath praise HaShem. Praise HaShem

Praise him with the clash of cymbals, praise him with resounding cymbals

praise him with the strings and flute

Praise him with tambourine and dancing

Balaam Friend #1

Gentile prophet

Balaam

 

Gentile prophet

Beor

 

Gentile prophet

Iyov

 

Gentile prophet

Balaam Friend #4

Gentile prophet

Balaam Friend #3

Gentile prophet

Balaam Friend #2

Gentile prophet

1000 years of Torah

1000 years of chaos

1000 years of chaos

1000 years of rest

1000 years of Mashiach

1000 years of Mashiach

1000 years of Torah

Vayikra

Shemot

Bereshit

Devarim

The last section of Bamidbar

Bamidbar 10:35,36 These two pasukim are surrounded with upside down nuns. Chazal explain that these upside down nuns serve to mark off these two pasukim as a separate book onto itself.

First section of Bamidbar

Putiel

Jethro

Keini

Jethro

Reuel

Jethro

Yeter

Jethro

Chever

Jethro

Chovev

Jethro

Yitro

Jethro

Alef-Lamed-Heh-Yud-Mem

Unerasable name

Shin-Dalet-Yud

 

Unerasable name

Tz-va-o-t

 

 

Unerasable name

Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh

 

Unerasable name

Alef- Daled-Nun-Yud

 

Unerasable name

Alef-Lamed

 

 

Unerasable name

Alef-Lamed-Vav-Heh

 

Unerasable name

Consolation Shabbat

Impoverished one, one who has endured storms…

 

 

Yeshayahu 54:11

Consolation Shabbat

But Zion said, 'HaShem has left me, and HaShem has forgotten me…'

Yeshayahu 49:14

Consolation Shabbat

Be comforted, Be comforted, My People…

 

 

 

Yeshayahu 40:1

Consolation Shabbat

I will surely delight in HaShem…

 

 

 

Yeshayahu 61:10

Consolation Shabbat

Arise, Shine forth …

 

 

 

 

Yeshayahu 60:1

Consolation Shabbat

Sing out, you who were barren,…

 

 

 

Yeshayahu 54:1

Consolation Shabbat

I, even I, am the One Who comforts you…

 

 

Yeshayahu 51:12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* * *

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

* * *

 



This study was written by

Rabbi Dr. Hillel ben David

(Greg Killian).

Comments may be submitted to:

 

Rabbi Dr. Greg Killian

4544 Highline Drive SE

Olympia, WA 98501

 

Internet address: gkilli@aol.com

Web page: http://www.betemunah.org/

 

(360) 918-2905

 

Return to The WATCHMAN home page

Send comments to Greg Killian at his email address: gkilli@aol.com

 



[1] Meg. 29b; Maimonides, Tefillah, xiii. 1; Benjamin of Tudela, ed. Asher, p. 98

[2] Megillah 29b

[3] see Nachalas Yakov on Mesechta Sofrim 16:10

[4] Mezuzot which are publicly owned must be checked only once every twenty-five years; Y.D. 291:1.

[5] In order to remember this obligation, the custom in Frankfurt was to check the mezuzos every Adar Sheini, which falls every two or three years.

[6] Sec. 669 of Nimukei Orach Chayim cites the custom practiced in the 900-year-old shul in Cracow - and likewise in the [400-year-old] shul [in Cracow] of R. Moshe Isserles - of making three-and-a-half circuits (both by night and by day).